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Food production and the trade map: buying local vs buying global


Food production and the trade map: buying local vs buying global


The ongoing health crisis has reinforced those voices calling for a greater degree of self-sufficiency for the European Union, in anything from raw materials to medicines.

When it comes to food production, the concept of a shorter supply chain had already been a part of the European Commission’s attempt to extend the Green Deal’s reach to food by the time COVID-19 hit the Continent. Initial sustainability concerns were supplemented by the economic outfall from the crisis, as well as uneasiness over dependability. This has led to talk of ‘food security’, which is slowly but steadily losing ground to the more wide-reaching concept of ‘food sovereignty’, especially in countries where traditional farming communities have long been under threat.

For a European Commission that has from the outset aspired to play a geo-strategic role, the narrative of thinking globally while buying locally seems conflictual. A potential attempt to decouple the European market from the international food supply chain might be met by a strong retaliatory response from global partners. Beyond that, it is questionable whether such a move is even feasible, given the high degree of integration of EU food production into global structures; the EU engaged in €254 billion worth of global agri-food trade in 2018.

Moreover, the impact on food diversity, as well as product availability and affordability, will have to be determined. Last but not least, social concerns over how such a move could affect food export-dependent developing countries in the Global South, but also in the bloc’s vicinity, call for careful consideration.

Join this EURACTIV Virtual Conference to discuss what the optimal policy mix for the future of food trade might look like, from both a European and global perspective.


Supported by:





Rupert Schlegelmilch, Director The Americas, Agriculture and Food Safety, DG Trade, European Commission
Léa Auffret, Senior Trade Policy Officer, Team Leader, BEUC
Mario Jales, Economic Affairs Officer, Commodities Branch, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Marcos Sawaya Jank, Professor of Global Agribusiness, Institute of Education and Research (Insper), Brazil


Dave Keating, Journalist, EURACTIV


14:00 – 14:05 Welcome
14:05 – 14:20 Panellists statements
14:20 – 15:10 Discussion and Q&A
15:10 – 15:15 Closing statement


Simona Ovesea
+32 (0)2 788 36 86

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Short food chains, often thought of as a 'healthier' way to get food on the table, are not necessarily synonymous with sustainability, according to a Commission official, who called for a considered approach to the trade and sustainability debate.