Decarbonising shipping – What role can climate labels play?
While maritime transport plays an essential role in the EU economy and is one of the most energy-efficient modes of transport, it is also a large and growing source of greenhouse gas emissions. Projections show that these emissions could increase by up to 30% of 2008 emissions by 2050. If the climate change impact of shipping activities isn’t addressed promptly, it risks undermining the objectives of the Paris Agreement.
Stakeholders argue that one solution to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions in shipping could be energy efficiency labels which, contrary to what currently exists, would enforce good performance, not just define it.
In 2021, the International Maritime Organization, agreed to judge the climate impact of ships through a labelling system, called the carbon intensity indicator (CII). In this system, an ‘A’ grade stands for the cleanest ships and ‘E’ for the dirtiest. The grades are a measure of a ship’s carbon emissions per ton-mile of transport work in the previous calendar year and all grades above “E” are compliant. However, campaigners argue that these global requirements are too easy to pass, with no consequences for those who fail them.
One way of accelerating climate action could be through the EU’s ‘port state control’ - the principle through which states decide the conditions for ships to enter their ports. European ports could require shipping fleets to achieve ‘A’ and ‘B’ grades , by implementing energy-saving technologies or using clean alternative fuels.
Join this Euractiv Virtual Conference to discuss the role that climate labels and the Carbon Intensity Indicator can play in reducing climate emissions of the maritime shipping sector by 2030. Questions to be discussed include:
- How can we make sure that CII metrics accurately reflect and incentivise environmentally friendly practices?
- Would an openly accessible global database of A-E ship grades help accelerate shipping decarbonisation?
- In what way could the CII be amended to reward the use of renewable hydrogen-based fuels?
- What contribution can cargo owners and investors make to decarbonise the shipping industry?
Policy Officer, DG MOVE, European Commission
Policy Officer, DG CLIMA, European Commission
Head of Regulation, Maersk McKinney Moeller Center
Senior Manager EU Transport, Environmental Defense Fund
Sean Goulding Carroll
09:30 – 09:35 Welcome
09:35 – 09:55 Panellist statements
09:55 – 10:40 Discussion and Q&A
10:40 - 10:45 Closing statements