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Restoring the Earth’s lungs - How can forests support climate change mitigation?


Restoring the Earth’s lungs - How can forests support climate change mitigation?


The Nature Restoration Law, the first of its kind, is a proposal adopted by the European Commission in June 2022 which aims to restore damaged ecosystems and revive nature across Europe. The proposal is seen as instrumental in avoiding ecosystem collapse and preventing the worst impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss.

According to the European Commission, 80% of European habitats are in poor condition. The proposal aims to cover at least 20% of the EU's land and sea areas by 2030 with nature restoration measures, and eventually extend these to all ecosystems in need of restoration by 2050. To reach these targets, while accounting for national circumstances, the law would require Member States to develop National Restoration Plans, in close cooperation with scientists, interested stakeholders and the public.

Forests comprise 45% of European land. They act as the Earth’s lungs by absorbing enormous amounts of carbon from the atmosphere and are vital for combating climate change. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, eliminating emissions from deforestation and increasing carbon removals by promoting forest regrowth and landscape restoration could reduce global emissions by up to 30%.

Forests also provide non-carbon services such as providing water and food security and medicines and materials, regulating global rainfall patterns, and reducing the risk of disasters. They also host more than 50% of the world’s land-based species.

The Life Terra project seeks to plant 500 million trees in Europe. Tree planting is regarded as the most cost-effective solution to capturing carbon. It also supports nature restoration and prevents biodiversity loss.

Join this EURACTIV Virtual Conference to discuss the Commission’s proposal for the Nature Restoration Law in the context of forests. How can tree planting and forest restoration support climate change mitigation? What role can projects like Life Terra play in reaching the Commission's targets, and how can projects like this be replicated elsewhere?

Life Terra is co-financed by the European Commission through the LIFE Programme (LIFE19 CCM/NL/001200).
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Supported by:




Humberto Delgado Rosa, Director, Biodiversity, DG ENV, European Commission

Anna Deparnay-Grunenberg MEP, Substitute ENVI Committee, European Parliament

Stoyan Tchoukanov, President of the Beef Breeders Association of Bulgaria, Civil Society Organisations' Group (Group III) EESC

Kelsey Perlman, Forest and Climate Campaigner, FERN

Marta Múgica, Professional planting coordinator, Life Terra


Niko Kurmayer
Journalist, EURACTIV


14:30 – 14:35 Welcome
14:35 – 14:50 Panellist statements
14:50 – 15:40 Discussion and Q&A
15:40 – 15:45 Closing statements


Ana Alexandrescu

Related article

Brussels wrestles with potential impacts of EU nature restoration law

Brussels wrestles with potential impacts of EU nature restoration law

The EU’s proposed nature restoration law is the subject of hot debates. While forest owners worry about the impact on jobs and the economy, activists outline the positive externalities for health and the environment.